International Journal of Energy Research, Vol.42, No.9, 2901-2915, 2018
Performance analysis of solar assisted multi-effect absorption cooling systems using nanofluids: A comparative analysis
The performance comparison of multi-effect absorption refrigeration systems has been conducted in the present study. The absorption cooling cycles are operated on the solar heat in order to improve the utilization of high temperature heat sources for absorption systems. The absorption refrigeration cycles of multi-effect are modeled and designed for the identical refrigeration capacity along with the similar operating conditions. The engineering equation solver tool is deployed to analyze the coefficient of performance (COP) and exergetic efficiency of the absorption cooling cycles. Performance simulations were carried out over a range of operating conditions, including the effect of heat transfer fluids (nanofluids) used in solar parabolic trough collectors. The COP of the triple effect absorption refrigeration cycle (TEARC) is observed to be 1.752. The COP of the double effect absorption refrigeration cycle (DEARC) is perceived to be 51.9% higher as compared with single effect absorption refrigeration cycle (SEARC) which has a COP of 0.852. The exergetic efficiency of the TEARC is witnessed to be 16% higher than DEARC, and it is 31% higher than SEARC at an evaporator temperature of 7 degrees C. The effect of nanoparticle's (Al2O3) concentration and percentage of weak and strong solutions of LiBr-H2O is also evaluated at design conditions. A high temperature heat reservoir is required to operate the TEARC, whereas, the SEARC and DEARC operate on lower temperatures than triple effect cycle.