Fuel, Vol.231, 18-25, 2018
Characteristics of tar abatement by thermal cracking and char catalytic reforming in a fluidized bed two-stage reactor
With respect to the newly proposed fluidized bed two-stage (FBTS) gasification process, the researches on tar thermal cracking and catalytic removal by char bed layer were conducted on a FB two-stage reaction apparatus. It shows that the effect of char on tar removal was much related to the reaction temperature and residence time of tar-containing fuel gas in the tar reformer. Under the tested experimental conditions, increasing reaction temperature and residence time can effectively promote tar abatement and generate more H-2, CO and CH4. For catalytic reforming by char, the higher reaction temperature and the longer residence time, the lower tar content in fuel gas. Compared to thermal cracking, catalytic reforming of tar by char was more effective in tar removal efficiency and inhibition of carbon deposition, upgrading the quality of fuel gas. The researches indicated that the suitable operational conditions for tar removal by char in the FB two-stage gasification process were at reforming temperature of 1000 degrees C, and residence time above 0.9 s.