화학공학소재연구정보센터
Electrochimica Acta, Vol.282, 30-37, 2018
Origin of storage capacity enhancement by replacing univalent ion with multivalent ion for energy storage
The storage capacity or capacitance of a material could be enhanced significantly by replacing univalent ion with multivalent ion in the energy storage field. However, the mechanism of the enhancement is unknown. Here, we dedicate to understand the origin of the enhancement on the storage capacity of multivalent ions over univalent ions. The experimental results show that the specific capacitance and charge-discharge rate of alpha-MnO2 are doubled by using Ca2+ cation to replace Na+ cation in the electrolyte as the energy storage medium. The First-principles calculations are used for a further understanding for the enhancement on the capacity, charge rate and the insertion mechanism. The given number of cations (two Na+ or Ca2+ ions) can be preferably stabled in one alpha-MnO2 unit cell to decrease the irreversible tetragonal-orthorhombic deformation caused by John-Teller effect. Because the insertion of Ca2+ triggers double electron transfer than Na+, the capacity and charge-discharge rate of alpha-MnO2 using Ca2+ cation as storage medium are doubled. The result pave a path to understand the enhancement on the storage capacity by replacing the univalent ions (such as Li+, Na+, K+, etc.) with multivalent ions ( such as Ca2+, Mg2+, Zn2+, Al3+, etc.). (C) 2018 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.