Biotechnology and Bioengineering, Vol.115, No.7, 1646-1665, 2018
Industrial bioprocessing perspectives on managing therapeutic protein charge variant profiles
Controlling the charge profile of therapeutic protein is a critical challenge in the current quality-by-design (QbD) paradigm, throughout all phases of biologics process development (PD): cell line development, upstream cell culture, recovery process, downstream purification, and analytical characterization. Charge variant profiles may influence efficacy and/or lead to unintended side-effects. Thus, maintaining a consistent charge profile is of tremendous importance, and increasingly, researchers have focused efforts toward developing strategies to mitigate variability during cell culture and to improve separation and detection of charge variants. Current understanding of factors affecting charge variant formation during manufacturing remains inadequate, and sometimes, even substantial commitment of resources may still not fully achieve the desired or consistent profiles. As such, this review attempts to provide a comprehensive resource for the biologics community by summarizing the impact of charge variants and CQA management, analytical methods for charge variant detection, as well as strategies in downstream and upstream PD for controlling charge variant profiles.