Bioresource Technology, Vol.261, 257-264, 2018
Hydrochars from bamboo sawdust through acid assisted and two-stage hydrothermal carbonization for removal of two organics from aqueous solution
A series of bamboo hydrochars were prepared through acid-assisted and two-stage hydrothermal carbonization, characterized and evaluated for the adsorption of Congo red and 2-naphthol in aqueous solutions. The hydrochars have rough surfaces with BET surface areas of 6.77-57.74 m(2)/g and oxygen-rich functional groups. The additives in feed water revealed critical influences on the physical-chemical and adsorption properties of the hydrochars. The hydrochars can adsorb the two organics effectively, the highest adsorption capacities for Congo red and 2-naphthol are 90.51 and 72.93 mg/g, respectively, at 0.1 mg/mL and 298 K. The adsorption of the two organics on the selected hydrochars is a spontaneous and mainly physical adsorption process. 95% and 92% of the adsorption equilibrium could be accomplished in one hour for Congo red and 2-naphthol on the selected hydrochars, respectively. This study provides references for the production and application of hydrochars as efficient adsorbents in wastewater treatment.