Bioresource Technology, Vol.266, 374-381, 2018
High-efficiency nutrients reclamation from landfill leachate by microalgae Chlorella vulgaris in membrane photobioreactor for bio-lipid production
Using microalgae to treat landfill leachate is a promising approach due to the effective nutrients reclamation ability and additional profit of bio-lipid production. To offset the negative effect of landfill leachate on microalgae cells, a membrane photobioreactor (m-PBR) was adopted in the study, in which microalgae biomass concentration was improved from 0.66 in traditional photobioreactor (T-PBR) to 0.95 g/L. Nutrients reclamation efficiencies of leachate were analyzed according to elemental balance, and the results showed that nitrogen reclamation efficiency was generally lower than 50% while phosphorus reclamation efficiency was higher than 70% due to elemental availability. The nitrogen and phosphorus reclamation efficiencies in the m-PBR were much higher than that in the T-PBR. Besides, lipid produced from the m-PBR had a high cetane number of 60.96% and low linolenic acid content of 8.32%, which demonstrated good combustion properties of the microalgae-based lipid when using landfill leachate as nutrients source.