Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.499, No.3, 719-726, 2018
MiR-615 inhibits cell proliferation, migration and invasion by targeting EGFR in human glioblastoma
MiR-615 and epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) are associated with a number of disease processes and pathogenesis. However, little is known about the mechanisms of miR-615 and EGFR in human glioblastoma multiforme (GBM). Here, we found that down-regulation of miR-615 expression occurred in GBM tissues and cells, and was inversely correlated with overall survival, relapse-free survival, WHO grade as well as EGFR expression. We further determined that miR-615 functions as a tumor suppressor by inhibiting GUM cell proliferation, cell cycle, migration and invasion, and promoting cell apoptosis. In vivo assay validated the inhibition effect of miR-615 on tumor growth and EGFR expression. Luciferase reporter assays demonstrated that miR-615 targeted the 3'-untranslated region (3'-UTR) of EGFR. Besides, over-expression of EGFR reversed the inhibition effects of miR-615, while silencing of EGFR aggravated these inhibition effects. In conclusions, we identified that miR-615 plays a tumor suppressor role in GBM cell proliferation, migration and invasion by targeting EGFR expression, and miR-615 may act as a novel biomarker for early diagnosis or therapeutic targets of GBM. (C) 2018 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.