Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.499, No.4, 889-894, 2018
The transcriptional factor Apt regulates neuroblast differentiation through activating CycE expression
In Drosophila, the thoracic neuroblast 6-4 (NB6-4T) divides asymmetrically into a glial precursor and a neuronal precursor, while the abdominal neuroblast 6-4 (NB6-4A) divides symmetrically to produce two glial cells. The underlying mechanism by which NB6-4T and NB6-4A undergo distinct differentiation is still elusive. Here, we find that the transcription factor Apontic (Apt) exclusively expresses in NB6-4T cells and is involved in regulating NB6-4T differentiation. Loss of Apt results in neuronal precursor loss. Epistasis analysis shows that Apt controls NB6-4T differentiation through activating CycE expression. On the other hand, Gcm suppresses Apt expression in the NB6-4A cell, thus inhibiting CycE expression. Taken together, our findings reveal a Gcm-Apt-CycE axis that regulates neuroblast and glia cell differentiation. (C) 2018 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.