Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.500, No.2, 450-455, 2018
Epitope-based ligation of ICAM-1: Therapeutic target for protection against the development of rheumatoid arthritis
Identification of a particular epitope on the domain 2 of human ICAM-1 led us to focus on its role in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Key observations from our previous xenotransplantation research included the generation of tolerogenic DCs, antigen-specific T-cell tolerance, and reduced production of inflammatory cytokines. The critically important point is the fact that it works initially on DC maturation. Ligation of this epitope with a recognizing antibody, MD-3, was also able to create a tolerogenic environment in RA in a manner sililar to that created by xenotransplantation. In this study, we noted that the disease progression, in terms of arthritis score and histopathology of joints, was significantly less severe in the MD-3-treated group than in the vehicle-treated group. Defective production of 1L-6 and reduced proliferation of collagen-specific T cells were most remarkable laboratory findings. This type of ligation has a greater advantage over other types of therapeutics, in a sense that simple injection of this antibody inhibits antigen-specific T cell response. Due to the possibility of viral infection in this process, we regularly monitored cytomegalovirus reactivation status without detection of any viral gene replication. We are hoping that remarkable specializations that this interaction has, would be a promising target for therapeutic antibody in RA. (C) 2018 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.