화학공학소재연구정보센터
Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.500, No.3, 810-816, 2018
Down-regulation of TRAF4 targeting RSK4 inhibits proliferation, invasion and metastasis in breast cancer xenografts
Ribosomal S6 protein kinase 4 (RSK4) was known as a novel tumor suppressor gene, and the tumor necrosis factor receptor-associated factor 4 (TRAF4) was linked to carcinogenesis. The purpose of this study is to further investigate the effect of the TRAF4 gene on cell proliferation, invasion and metastasis in vivo and explore whether there is an interaction between TRAF4 and RSK4 in breast cancer. MDA-MB-231 cells were transfected with lentivirus TRAF4-shRNA to specifically block the expression of TRAF4, or transfected with lentivirus negative-shRNA as a negative control. Four-six weeks female BALB/c nude mice were randomly assigned to three groups (n = 14): TRAF4-shRNA, negative and control, and then inoculated subcutaneously with the corresponding cells. In-vivo metastasis model was constructed by injecting above cells into tail vein. Tumor proliferation was assessed in terms of the tumor growth curve, tumor size and weight. Invasion and metastasis were evaluated by the histopathologic examination in lung or/and liver tissues. Measurement of TRAF4 and RSK4 expression and their correlation factors (AKT, NF-kappa B, TGF-beta 1, TNF-alpha, MMP2 and MMP9) were performed by immunohistochemistry, western blot or fluorescence quantitative RT-PCR. We found that the size and weight of tumors in TRAF4-shRNA group was significantly smaller than the negative and blank group, and the number of the lung and liver metastases lesions was also fewer (P < 0.05). And TRAF4 and its correlation factors (P-AKT, P-NF-kappa B, TGF-beta 1, TNF-alpha, MMP2 and MMP9) in the TRAF4-shRNA group were significantly decreased compared with the negative and blank group. However, the expression of RSK4 mRNA and protein in TRAF4-shRNA group were significantly increased. Collectively, TRAF4 knockdown significantly inhibited proliferation, invasion and metastasis in the xenograft nude mouse model, possibly involving in the interaction with RSK4 through down-regulation of AKT signaling pathway and then inactivating NF-kappa B pathway. (C) 2018 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.