Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.500, No.3, 603-608, 2018
RNA-Seq analysis of global transcriptomic changes suggests a roles for the MAPK pathway and carbon metabolism in cell wall maintenance in a Saccharomyces cerevisiae FKS1 mutant
FKS1 encodes a beta-1,3-glucan synthase, which is a key player in cell wall assembly in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Here we analyzed the global transcriptomic changes in the FKS1 mutant to establish a correlation between the changes in the cell wall of the FKS1 mutant and the molecular mechanism of cell wall maintenance. These transcriptomic profiles showed that there are 1151 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) in the FKS1 mutant. Through KEGG pathway analysis of the DEGs, the MAPK pathway and seven pathways involved in carbon metabolism were significantly enriched. We found that the MAPK pathway is activated for FKS1 mutant survival and the synthesis of cell wall components are reinforced in the FKS1 mutant. Our results confirm that the FKS1 mutant has a beta-1,3-glucan defect that affects the cell wall and partly elucidate the molecular mechanism responsible for cell wall synthesis. Our greater understanding of these mechanisms helps to explain how the FKS1 mutant survives, has useful implications for the study of similar pathways in other fungi, and increases the theoretical foundation for the regulation of the cell wall in S. cerevisiae. (C) 2018 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.