Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.500, No.4, 937-943, 2018
Spindle pole body component 25 homolog expressed by ECM stiffening is required for lung cancer cell proliferation
Accumulating evidence has shown that matrix stiffening in cancer tissue by the deposition of extracellular matrix (ECM) is closely related with severe tumor progression However, much less is known about the genes affected by matrix stiffness and its signaling for cancer progression. In the current research, we investigated the differential gene expression of a non-small lung adenocarcinoma cell line, H1299, cultured under the conditions of soft (similar to 0.5 kPa) and stiff (similar to 40kPa) matrices, mimicking the mechanical environments of normal and cancerous tissues, respectively For integrated transcriptome analysis, the genes identified by ECM stiffening were compared with 8248 genes retrieved from The Cancer Genome Atlas Lung Adenocarcinoma (TCGA). In stiff matrix, 29 genes were significantly upregulated, while 75 genes were downregulated. The screening of hazard ratios for these genes using the Kaplan-Meier Plotter identified 8 genes most closely associated with cancer progression under the condition of matrix stiffening. Among these genes, spindle pole body component 25 homolog (SPC25) was one of the most up-regulated genes in stiff matrix and tumor tissue. Knockdown of SPC25 in H1299 cells using shRNA significantly inhibited cell proliferation with downregulation of the expression of checkpoint protein, Cyclin B1, under the condition of stiff matrix whereas the proliferation rate in soft matrix was not affected by SPC25 silencing. Thus, our findings provide novel key molecules for studying the relationship of extracellular matrix stiffening and cancer progression. (C) 2018 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.