Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.501, No.2, 570-575, 2018
A BTB-ZF protein, ZNF131, is required for early B cell development
Members of the BTB-ZF transcription factor family play important roles in lymphocyte development. During T cell development, ZNF131, a BTB-ZF protein, is critical for the double-negative (DN) to double positive (DP) transition and is also involved in cell proliferation. Here, we report that knockout of Znf131 at the pre-pro-B cell stage in mbl-Cre knock-in mouse resulted in defect of pro-B to pre-B cell transition. ZNF131 was shown to be required for efficient pro-B cell proliferation as well as for immunoglobulin heavy chain gene rearrangement that occurs in the proliferating pro-B cells. We speculate that inefficient gene rearrangement may be due to loss of cell proliferation, since cell cycle progression and immunoglobulin gene rearrangement, which would occur in a mutually exclusive manner, may be interconnected or coupled to avoid occurrence of genomic instability. ZNF131 suppresses expression of Cdk inhibitor, p21(ciP1), and that of pro-apoptotic factors, Box and Puma, targets of p53, to facilitate cell cycle progression and suppress unnecessary apoptosis, respectively, of pro-B cells. There results demonstrate the essential roles of ZNF131 in coordinating the B cell differentiation and proliferation. (C) 2018 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.