Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.502, No.2, 215-225, 2018
Cardiac extracellular matrix hydrogel together with or without inducer cocktail improves human adipose tissue-derived stem cells differentiation into cardiomyocyte-like cells
Studies have demonstrated that differentiation of stem cells into cardiomyocytes is a complex phenomenon that requires sufficient inducing factors at various time points. Cardiac extracellular matrix (cECM) could provide tissue specific microenvironment and act as an inductive template for efficient cell differentiation. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of cECM on differentiation of human adipose tissue-derived stem cells (hADSCs) into cardiomyocytes using cECM hydrogel in combination with a cardiac inductive cocktail. hADSCs were cultured on ECM-coated plates with and without inductive cocktail for 3weeks. qRT-PCR and western blot analysis were used to evaluate the expression pattern of special cardiac genes and proteins. When hADSCs were cultured in the presence of cECM cardiac genes including GATA4, HANDI, HAND2, NKX2.5, Troponin 1, beta MHC, Connexin43 were highly expressed in differentiated cells. Also Connexin43, cTnl and 13MHC proteins were expressed as well. We could show that cECM by itself could affect viability, proliferation and differentiation of hADSCs. However, combination of cECM with a cardiac inducing cocktail could improve the results. (C) 2018 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.