Applied Surface Science, Vol.445, 596-600, 2018
Antibacterial effect of zinc oxide/hydroxyapatite coatings prepared by chemical solution deposition
In the present study, we introduce a newly designed antibacterial hydroxyapatite (Ca-10(PO4)(6)(OH)(2), HAp) coating that exploits the contact killing capabilities of ZnO. The HAp coating, incorporating ZnO precipitates on its topmost surface layer, was prepared on a Ti substrate using chemical solution deposition followed by heating at 650 degrees C. The amount of ZnO precipitates could be controlled by changing the ZnO concentration in the deposition solution; furthermore, the Zn release rate from the surface could be controlled by varying the ZnO amount. The ZnO/HAp coating showed excellent antibacterial efficacy against Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus epidermidis strains; however, no correlation was observed between the degree of efficacy and Zn release rate. The antibacterial efficacy of the ZnO/HAp coating likely originates from the contact killing effect of the ZnO precipitates. In summary, the coatings introduced in this work are promising candidates for the surface modification of Ti implants, with a potential ability to combine the prevention of infectious diseases with osteogenic activity. (C) 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.