Applied Surface Science, Vol.445, 586-595, 2018
Smaller-lateral-size graphene oxide hydrosols sealed in dialysis bags for enhanced trace Pb(II) removal from water without re-pollution
In this work, presented is a novel and facile strategy to enhance Pb(II) adsorption capacity of graphene oxide (GO) hydrosols via the modified Hummers' method, using the smaller-sized natural flake graphite as starting materials. The as-prepared micron GO (MGO) and submicron GO (SMGO) hydrosols were sealed in dialysis bags for adsorptive separation of Pb(II) from water to avoid secondary pollution. The effects of pH and contact duration on Pb(II) adsorption on MGO and SMGO as well as their thermodynamics and kinetics were investigated comparatively. Their performances for recycling and regeneration were also evaluated. The results indicated that SMGO exhibited an enhanced maximum sorption capacity for Pb(II) up to 1162.60 mg.g(-1) higher than MGO by 25.75% and achieved adsorption equilibrium faster, which can be attributed to the fact that SMGO has more oxygen-containing functional groups on the sheet basal planes and especially at the sheet edges than SMGO. The adsorption of Pb(II) on MGO and SMGO was a spontaneous and endothermic process and well fitted the pseudo-second-order kinetics and the Langmuir sorption model. Significantly, MGO and SMGO nanosheets still kept the high sorption capacities of 514.26 mg.g(-1) and 700.35 mg.g(-1) after the 5 cycles, respectively, promising of enormous potential applications. (C) 2018 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.