Applied Surface Science, Vol.445, 255-261, 2018
Surface nanoporosity has a greater influence on osteogenic and bacterial cell adhesion than crystallinity and wettability
There has been much emphasis on the influence of crystallinity and wettability for modulating cell activity, particularly for bone biomaterials. In this context, we have generated titanium oxide layers with similar mesoporous topography and surface roughness but with amorphous or crystalline oxide layers and differential wettability. We then investigated their influence on the behavior of MC3T3 osteoblastic and bacterial cells. There was no difference in cell adhesion, spreading and growth on amorphous and crystalline surfaces. The number of focal adhesions was similar, however, cells on the amorphous surface exhibited a higher frequency of mature adhesions. The crystallinity of the surface layers also had no bearing on bacterial adhesion. While it cannot be excluded that surface crystallinity, roughness and wettability contribute to some degree to determining cell behavior, our data suggest that physical characteristics of surfaces represent the major determinant. (C) 2018 Elsevier B. V. All rights reserved.