Applied Surface Science, Vol.445, 8-15, 2018
Surface immobilization of heparin on functional polyisobutylene-based thermoplastic elastomer as a potential artificial vascular graft
Polyisobutylene-based thermoplastic elastomer (TPE) is a new soft biomaterial. Hydroxyl functional dendritic polyisobutylene-based TPEs (arb-SIBS-OH), which satisfy the design requirements for small-diameter vascular substitutes, were synthesized by controlled carbocationic polymerization. Creep property, which is the destructive weakness of polyisobutylene-based TPEs, was significantly improved with the formation of a "double network" promoted by branched structure and microphase separation. Compatibility of arb-SIBS-OH with rabbit blood was markedly enhanced by modifying heparin grafted from these hydroxyl functional groups. Application of "click chemistry" to immobilize heparin on arb-SIBS-OH surface was apparently effective in enhancing the bioactivity of heparin. Immobilized heparin, which directly bonded by ester bonds, was more likely to form multi-point binding on arb-SIBS-OH surface. This process hindered the accessibility of the heparin active sequence to antithrombin. (C) 2018 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.