Applied Surface Science, Vol.447, 307-314, 2018
Effect of different promoter precursors in a model Ru-Cs/graphite system on the catalytic selectivity for Fischer-Tropsch reaction
The effect of using two different promoter precursors on the Fischer-Tropsch synthesis was studied over cesium promoted ruthenium catalysts supported on a high surface area graphite support. In this work we reveal significant modifications in the selectivity values for Fischer-Tropsch reaction depending on the Cs promoter precursor (CsCl vs CsNO3). Specifically the bimetallic catalyst (4Ru-4Cs), prepared from nitrates both for metal and promoter precursors, showed a high selectivity to CO2 during reaction. By modifying the cesium precursor, it was possible to inhibit the water gas shift reaction, decreasing significantly the selectivity to CO2. In order to understand the chemical origin of these modifications a careful characterization of the materials was performed including: X-ray absorption near edge spectroscopy, transmission electron microscopy measurements, temperature programmed reduction studies, determination of the CO uptakes on the catalysts and the evolution of the CO adsorption heats as a function of surface coverages. It was found that upon reduction and under reaction atmosphere the promoter in the ex-nitrate catalyst appears as Cs2O which is considered responsible of the CO2 production, while in the catalysts prepared with Cs chloride the promoter remains as CsCl suffering a slight partial reduction. (C) 2018 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.