Applied Surface Science, Vol.452, 306-313, 2018
Structural development of nanosilver on metal oxide nanofibrous membrane by plasma enhanced chemical vapor deposition (PECVD)
Deposition of functional metal films onto mechanically-sensitive nanostructures has been challenging as conventional wet reduction process could easily lead to physical damages and structural inhomogeneity at nanometer length scale. As PECVD technique not only offers noninvasive approach to single layer metal coating, it also entails processes' scalability and cost-effectiveness. In this study, we investigate the formation of metal nanolayers on visible-light active ZnWO4-TiO2 nanofibrous membrane as a model substrate against pilot-scale PECVD reactor drum's rotating speed as a key parameter at fixed internal pressure and power input. The characteristics of sputtered Ag particles are fully examined by XRD, TEM and XPS techniques. At low rotating speed (less than 0.1 m/min), thick layer of silver is observed with strong antibacterial function. At high speed (more than 18 m/min) silver thin film disappears as silver nanoislands emerge on surface of the metal oxide nanofibrous substrate suggesting nucleation stage of silver deposition. Interestingly, at 6 m/min, the obtained metal-metal oxide hybrid shows enhanced photocatalytic activity and excellent antibacterial property. (C) 2018 Published by Elsevier B.V.