Applied Catalysis B: Environmental, Vol.234, 318-328, 2018
Induced effect of tungsten incorporation on the catalytic properties of CeVO4 systems for the selective reduction of NOx by ammonia
The SCR performances of aged W-doped CeVO4 catalysts were investigated in fast-, NO2- and standard conditions. Bulk CeV1-xWxO4 catalysts were prepared in soft conditions, according to a hydrothermal synthesis route at 180 degrees C leading to the ad hoc tetragonal structure. The aging procedure consisted in exposing the samples to 10 vol.% H2O diluted in air at 600 degrees C. The impact of this aging process was investigated as a function of tungsten loading, with x varying in the range 0.02-0.15. A clear beneficial effect is distinguishable at high temperature, i.e., above 300 degrees C, associated to a sharp selectivity enhancement irrespective of the operating conditions and tungsten loading. On the contrary, a slight detrimental effect on the reaction rate is clearly discernible in standard-conditions below 300 degrees C. It was found that the thermal aging induces more extensive diffusion of V5+ species assisted by the presence of substituted W6+. It was also demonstrated that tungsten diffuses more readily than V5+ leading ultimately to a significant surface enrichment and the formation of Ce4W9O33 mixed oxide evidenced from XRD and Raman spectroscopy. Hence, tungsten would rather act as a stabilizer than promoter avoiding the sintering of monomeric VOx species to more active polyvanadate species but also less selective. The gain observed in selectivity at high temperature can be equally explained by a greater stabilization of Bronsted acid sites and the preservation of the dispersion of monomeric vanadate species preventing the occurrence of ammonia oxidation.