화학공학소재연구정보센터
Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, Vol.178, 38-45, 2018
Design and fabrication of sandwich-structured alpha-Fe2O3/Au/ZnO photoanode for photoelectrochemical water splitting
alpha-Fe2O3/Au/ZnO hetrostructured thin films were fabricated using chemical spray pyrolysis technique and implemented as photoanode for photoelectrochemical (PEC) water splitting. Photoactivity of alpha-Fe2O3/Au/ZnO electrodes for PEC water oxidation under solar radiation was efficiently improved as compared to that for alpha-Fe2O3, alpha-Fe2O3/Au and alpha-Fe2O3/ZnO electrodes. The alpha-Fe2O3/Au/ZnO photoanode displayed a significant increase in photocurrent density of 250 mu A/cm(2), as compared to alpha-Fe2O3 (photocurrent density similar to 27 mu A/cm(2)), at 0.5 V vs. SCE in 0.5 M NaOH under AM 1.5 G illumination indicating enhanced optical absorption and charge transportation. The presence of Au layer favored the charge transfer from alpha-Fe2O3 to ZnO via high energy coupled surface plasmons. The charge transfer kinetics was further improved by tuning of the surface plasmon resonance (SPR) band of Au nanoparticles (NPs) using electric field assisted spray pyrolysis. The maximum photocurrent density of 500 mu A/cm(2) (at 0.5 V vs. SCE) was obtained for alpha-Fe(2)O(3)0.5 kV/Au/ZnO electrode. The optimized design using Au sandwiched layer between two different band gap semiconductors with creation of different hanrojunctions (alpha-Fe2O3/ZnO and ZnO/Au) presented a configuration with enhanced optoelectronic properties, which is highly useful for PEC water splitting.