Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol.140, No.3, 984-992, 2018
Pore Environment Control and Enhanced Performance of Enzymes Infiltrated in Covalent Organic Frameworks
In the drive toward green and sustainable methodologies for chemicals manufacturing, biocatalysts are predicted to have much to offer in the years to come. That being said; their practical applications are often hampered by a lack of long-term operational stability, limited operating range, and a low recyclability for the enzymes utilized. Herein, we show haw covalent organic frameworks (COFs) possess all the necessary requirements needed to serve as ideal host materials for enzymes. The resultant biocomposites of this study have shown, the ability boost the stability and robustness of the enzyme in question, namely lipase PS, While also displaying activities far outperforming the free enzyme and biocomposites made from other types of porous materials, such as mesoporous silica and metal organic frameworks, exemplified in the kinetic resolution of the alcohol assays performed. The ability to easily tune the pore environment of a COF using monomers bearing specific functional groups can improve its compatibility with a given enzyme. As a result, the orientation of the enzyme active site can be modulated through designed interactions between both components, thus improving the enzymatic activity of the biocomposites. Moreover, in comparison with their amorphous analogues, the well-defined COF pore channels not only make the accommodated enzymes more accessible to the reagents but also serve as stronger shields to safeguard the enzymes from deactivation, as evidenced by superior activities and tolerance to harsh environments. The amenability of COFs, along with our increasing understanding of the design rules for stabilizing enzymes in an accessible fashion, gives great promise for providing "off the shelf" biocatalysts for synthetic transformations.