Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, Vol.513, 222-230, 2018
Facet and morphology dependent photocatalytic hydrogen evolution with CdS nanoflowers using a novel mixed solvothermal strategy
As the highest energy facet of wurtzite CdS, (0 0 2) facet is well worth investigating toward the contribution in photocatalytic hydrogen (H-2) evolution. In this study, flower-like CdS with highly preferred (0 0 2) facet was fabricated through a low temperature mixed-solvothermal strategy. The mixted-solvent of diethylenetriamine (DETA) and ethyl alcohol (EtOH) was used to inhibit the growth of (1 00) and (1 0 1) facets. For comparison, porous flower-like, belt-like and net-like CdS samples with different preferred degrees of (0 0 2) facet were controllably synthesized by the addition of H2O in different proportions. The preferred orientation degrees of (0 0 2) facet were qualitative proved by the mathematical fitting of XRD patterns. As expected, the flower-like CdS exhibited the highest photocatalytic activity on H-2 evolution under visible light without any co-catalyst. Meanwhile, the photocatalytic H-2 production increased with the increasement of exposed (0 0 2) facet, which suggested that (0 0 2) facet of CdS played a critical role in improving the photocatalytic activity. Moreover, the growth mechanisms of CdS with various morphologies were investigated and proposed in detail. (C) 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.