Journal of Adhesion Science and Technology, Vol.32, No.14, 1517-1530, 2018
The synthesis, characterization and properties of silicone adhesion promoters for addition-cure silicone rubber
Two types of polysiloxanes, GVPMS and GVHMS, were synthesized through nonhydrolytic sol-gel reaction from vinyltrimethoxysilane(VTMS), 3-glycidoxypropyltrimethoxysilane(KH560) and diphenylsilandiol(DPSD) or hydroxyl silicone oil, respectively. The chemical structures were characterized by Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy, H-1 nuclear magnetic resonance (H-1-NMR) spectroscopy and gel permeation chromatography (GPC). GVPMS and GVHMS were used as adhesion promoter for addition-cure silicone rubber. It was found that the adhesion promoters not only greatly improved adhesion strength but also had excellent compatibility with silicone rubber. Among them, GVPMS gave better adhesion strength in silicone rubber. The shear strength of silicone rubber reached 1.70MPa with addition of 1.5 phr GVPMS, which was about 317% higher than that of silicone rubber without the adhesion promoter. Meanwhile, the shear strength of silicone rubber reached 1.14MPa with addition of 2.0 phr GVHMS, which was 183% higher than that of silicone rubber without the adhesion promoter. Optical property test results revealed that the refractive indexes of GVPMS and GVHMS were 1.5185 and 1.4133 respectively and both of them had good compatibility with silicone rubber, which satisfied the application demand of high-refractive and low-refractive electron encapsulation. Thermal resistance test and SEM results further proved that adhesion promoter could significantly increase the adhesion between the copper substrate and silicone rubber, in which GVPMS had a better performance. Oxidation treatment experiment further explained the mechanism that adhesion promoter functioned as a bridge, linked silicone rubber and copper substrate through chemical bonds.