International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, Vol.43, No.5, 2531-2539, 2018
Temperature rise of hydrogen storage cylinders by thermal radiation from fire at hydrogen-gasoline hybrid refueling stations
This study focuses on two types of hydrogen-gasoline hybrid refueling stations, and a risk assessment study on thermal radiation is carried out with a fire at each hybrid station. One of the hybrid stations has bare hydrogen storage cylinders, and the other has container walls around the cylinders. We calculate radiative flux to the cylinders from the fire occurring at the gasoline refueling machines in each hybrid station. Additionally, we calculate the temperature rise of the cylinders based on the obtained radiative flux. To evaluate a dangerous case for hybrid stations, we calculate the radiative flux and temperature rise using a large scale and high temperature fire. Based on our analysis, we find that the container walls can greatly insulate the radiative flux. Therefore, we show that we are able to keep the temperature of the cylinders below the hazardous temperature of 358 K by installing container walls around them. (C) 2017 Hydrogen Energy Publications LLC. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.