International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, Vol.43, No.6, 3261-3272, 2018
An energy management strategy based on dynamic power factor for fuel cell/battery hybrid locomotive
In order to efficiently absorb more regenerative braking energy which sustains much longer compared with the conventional vehicle, and guarantee the safety of the hybrid system under the actual driving cycle of locomotive, an energy management control based on dynamic factor strategy is proposed for a scale-down locomotive system which consists of proton exchange membrane fuel cell (PEMFC) and battery pack. The proposed strategy which has self-adaption function for different driving cycles aims to achieve the less consumption of hydrogen and higher efficiency of the hybrid system. The experimental results demonstrate that the proposed strategy is able to maintain the charge state of battery (SOC) better than Equivalent Consumption Minimization Strategy (ECMS), and the proposed strategy could keep the change trend of SOC, which the final SOC is closed to the target value regardless of the initial SOC of battery. Moreover, the hydrogen consumption has been reduced by 0.86g and the efficiency of overall system has been raised of 2% at least than ECMS under the actual driving cycle through the proposed strategy. Therefore, the proposed strategy could improve the efficiency of system by diminishing the conversion process of energy outputted by fuel cell. (C) 2017 Hydrogen Energy Publications LLC. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Keywords:Energy management strategy;Proton exchange membrane fuel;cell/battery hybrid locomotive;Hydrogen consumption;System efficiency