화학공학소재연구정보센터
International Journal of Energy Research, Vol.42, No.3, 1183-1195, 2018
Carbon supported bimetallic Ru-Co catalysts for H-2 production through NaBH4 and NH3BH3 hydrolysis
This work investigates the effect of the addition of small amounts of Ru (0.5-1wt%) to carbon supported Co (10wt%) catalysts towards both NaBH4 and NH3BH3 hydrolysis for H-2 production. In the sodium borohydride hydrolysis, the activity of Ru-Co/carbon catalysts was sensibly higher than the sum of the activities of corresponding monometallic samples, whereas for the ammonia borane hydrolysis, the positive effect of Ru-Co systems with regard to catalytic activity was less evident. The performances of Ru-Co bimetallic catalysts correlated with the occurrence of an interaction between Ru and Co species resulting in the formation of smaller ruthenium and cobalt oxide particles with a more homogeneous dispersion on the carbon support. It was proposed that Ru-degrees, formed during the reduction step of the Ru-Co catalysts, favors the H-2 activation, thus enhancing the reduction degree of the cobalt precursor and the number of Co nucleation centers. A subsequent reduction of cobalt and ruthenium species also occurs in the hydride reaction medium, and therefore the state of the catalyst before the catalytic experiment determines the state of the active phase formed in situ. The different relative reactivity of the Ru and Co active species towards the two investigated reactions accounted for the different behavior towards NaBH4 and NH3BH3 hydrolysis.