Fuel Processing Technology, Vol.174, 104-117, 2018
Wood washing: Influence on gaseous and particulate emissions during wood combustion in a domestic pellet stove
Nowadays, the use of biomass increasingly replaces the fossil fuels for the domestic heating production. In order to reduce pollutant emissions from biomass combustion, wood was washed at room temperature in order to represent natural rain leaching before burning in a recent pellet stove (2010s) of nominal output of 6.3 kW. Raw and washed woods were combusted for three different types of wood (oak, beech and fir) and the study focused on their particulate and gaseous emissions (Total Suspended Particles (TSP), Particulate Matter with diameter below 2.5 mu m (PM2.5), carbon monoxide (CO), nitrogen oxides (NOx) and Total Volatile Organic Compounds (TVOC)). Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAH), aldehydes and wood tracers as phenols compounds were also measured. In addition, considering the toxic equivalent factor, the human health impact of adsorbed and gaseous PAH is considerably reduced (96%) in the case of washed fir combustion. Emission factors of CO and TSP for washed wood combustion also show a decrease up to 50% depending on the type of wood used. Furthermore, phenolic compounds, Benzene, Toluene, Ethylbenzene, Xylenes and Trimethylbenzene (BTEXT) emissions can also be reduced by the washing of biomass. Washed oak combustion leads to a clear decrease by 60% of the total of BTEXT. In the case of phenols emissions, phenol shows a significant decrease by 91% during the combustion of washed fir wood.