Energy & Fuels, Vol.32, No.2, 1155-1165, 2018
Understanding Model Crude Oil Component Interactions on Kaolinite Silicate and Aluminol Surfaces: Toward Improved Understanding of Shale Oil Recovery
Shale oil is currently of interest for unconventional resource exploration and development. Understanding the mechanism of interaction between the complex mixture of organic compounds in shale oil and minerals making up the reservoir rock oil interface will assist recovery. In this study, molecular dynamics simulation is used to study the adsorption characteristics of a model oil mixture within nanoscale intraparticle pores of kaolinite minerals, which form pore-filling structures in shale rock. To better understand the effects of oil composition, temperature, and pressure on the adsorption properties of the model oil mixture, a range of temperatures (298, 323, 348, and 373 K) and pressures (1, 50, 100, and 200 bar) representing up to reservoir conditions were used. This study shows that adsorption and arrangement of oil molecules is dependent on the surface of kaolinite and the distance away from it. The simulations show polar compounds are likely to be adsorbed on aluminol kaolinite basal surfaces, while alkanes preferentially adsorb on silicate surfaces. In addition, the number of oil-molecule-bound layers and the total adsorption amount on the silicate surface is greater than the aluminol surface. The density of adsorbed oil is reduced with increase in temperature, while the effect of pressure is not as significant. On the basis of performed molecular simulations, we show the adsorption rate of shale oil on the surfaces of kaolinite sheets and assess the capacity to remove the model oil.