Composite Interfaces, Vol.25, No.9, 809-821, 2018
Visible-light photochromism of phosphomolybdic acid and polyvinyl alcohol by inorganic-organic nanocomposite multilayer films
A novel visible-light photochromic inorganic-organic multilayer was constructed based on phosphomolybdic acid (PMoA) and polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) which was prepared using the layer-by-layer (LbL) assembly technique to form the multilayer film. Thestructuresofthemultilayerfilmswere characterized via Fourier transform infrared spectra (FT-IR) and atomic force microscopy (AFM). The grown process, internal interaction, the surface topography and photochromic properties could be obviously studied through ultraviolet-visible (UV-vis) spectra and X-ray photoelectron spectra (XPS). The advantage of the structure and performance of the multilayer films prepared by layer-by-layer method could be found. It was suggested that the nearly linear growth process in peak-top absorbance in multilayer assembly. The PVA polymer substrate could disperse PMoA particles and changed the surface morphology. The polymer skeleton and PMoA particles were with strong interfacial interactions. The PMoA/PVA LbL film had wonderful visible light response. The oxygen acted a significant part during the bleaching process. According to XPS resoults, 51% of Mo6+ in the PMoA turned into Mo5+, obvious photoinduce oxidationandreductionreactions happened from PVA and PMoA through the proton transfer mechanism. [GRAPHICS] A novel visible-light photochromic hybrid film composed of PMoA and PVA was prepared by the layer-by-layer (LbL) assembly technique. The photo-reduction process occurred according to the proton charge transfer mechanism.