Combustion and Flame, Vol.190, 216-223, 2018
Flame propagation and combustion modes in end-gas region of confined space
Flame propagation is investigated in a designed experimental apparatus equipped with a perforated plate in a constant volume chamber. The effect of the perforated plate is to generate a rapidly accelerating flame based on Bychkov work (Bychkov et al. 2008), in which the flame across the obstacle will becomes a strong jet flame. The experiment was conducted with a hydrogen-air mixture at different conditions. In this work, six different turbulent flame propagation and combustion modes were clearly observed at various conditions in our designed experiment. In the presence of perforated plate, the turbulent flame formed through the perforated plate may perform six types of turbulent propagations at the end gas regime. These types form through the interaction between the flame and the shock or acoustic wave and because of the limited effect of the wall in confined space. The six forms are as follows: (1) a normal flame propagation with a low flame front tip velocity and combustion rate; (2) a weak pulsation propagation with weak fluctuation due to the acoustic wave; (3) a pulsation propagation only with a visible reflected shock wave; (4) a strong pulsation propagation with a forward shock wave and shock reflection; (5) a continuously accelerating flame propagation due to auto-ignition of the unburned mixture between flame front and shock wave, which also leads to strong pressure oscillation; and (6) a violent pulsation propagation with a multi-shock wave leading to end gas auto-ignition with large pressure oscillation. (C) 2017 The Combustion Institute. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.