Chemie Ingenieur Technik, Vol.90, No.1-2, 127-140, 2018
Power-to-Liquids as Renewable Fuel Option for Aviation: A Review
Severe reductions in the greenhouse gas intensity of aviation fuels are required to get a growing aviation sector on a flightpath compliant with the Paris Climate Agreement. Introducing renewable energy into aviation is challenging. The power-to-liquid (PtL) pathway uses renewable electricity, CO2, and water to synthesize a sustainable alternative fuel that chemically resembles conventional jet fuel. The state-of-art of key technologies for PtL fuel production as well as the environmental and techno-economic performance of the resulting fuel in comparison with fossil and biomass-derived jet fuel are reviewed.