Chemical Physics Letters, Vol.693, 165-169, 2018
Local pH at the surface of hen egg white lysozyme
The microenvironment at the surface of hen-egg-white lysozyme (HEWL) was examined by analyzing the change in pK(a) of fluorescein isothiocyanate (FITC) upon binding to the N-terminus of HEWL. The result showed that the local pH at the HEWL surface is higher than the bulk pH. Furthermore, the data showed that the difference between the local and bulk pH becomes larger with decreasing pH, suggesting HEWL repels more protons at lower pH. Because the local pH affects the protonation states of functional amino-acids at the protein surface, the results provide the fundamental insight into the microenvironment at the protein surface. (C) 2018 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.