Chemical Engineering Science, Vol.178, 39-47, 2018
Bridging the gap across scales: Coupling CFD and MD/GCMC in polyurethane foam simulation
This work presents a multi-scale approach to reacting and expanding polyurethane (PU) foams modeling and simulation. The modeling strategy relies on two pillars: an atomistic model (molecular dynamics (MD)/Grand Canonical Monte Carlo (GCMC)) that provides liquid mixture density and reactant solubility and a continuum model (CFD) in which the expansion characteristics of the foam is modeled exploiting the results of the atomistic simulations. The resulting coupled model is validated for two different PU systems applied in four batches with chemical and physical blowing agents. The results demonstrate the efficacy and reliability of the developed model in the simulation of different PU foam properties such as apparent density and temperature evolutions. (C) 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.