Bioresource Technology, Vol.249, 644-651, 2018
Enhancement of microbial nitrogen removal pathway by vegetation in Integrated Vertical-Flow Constructed Wetlands (IVCWs) for treating reclaimed water
Constructed wetland is an efficient way to lower N load from wastewater treatment plants. Here, the nitrogen removal rate and nitrogen balance, as well as the microbial community structure in IVCWs planted with different vegetation for treating reclaimed water were investigated. The results showed that IVCWs planted with vegetation generally achieved a higher TN removal rate than unplanted treatment, especially for Canna indica L. with 10.35% enhancement. Moreover, the microbial process proportion (83.87-87.94%) is the main N removal pathway in IVCW, and vegetation planting could increase 8.16% of it in average. The combination of quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) and high-throughput sequencing analysis revealed that IVCW planted with Canna indica L. showed the highest microbial abundant and biodiversity. The related denitrification genus Pseudomonas, Acinetobacter, Rhizobium, Bacillus and Rhodopseudomonas might be responsible for the high biological removal rate of nitrogen.