Bioresource Technology, Vol.256, 269-276, 2018
Towards a better understanding on mercury adsorption by magnetic bio-adsorbents with gamma-Fe2O3 from pinewood sawdust derived hydrochar: Influence of atmosphere in heat treatment
Pyrolysis under protective atmosphere was regarded as an indispensable process for the preparation of biomass-based adsorbents to achieve higher surface areas. In this paper, magnetic carbon composites (MCC) that fabricated under air atmosphere showed an adsorption capacity of 167.22 mg/g in 200 ppm Hg(II), which was significantly higher than magnetic biochar (MBC, 31.80 mg/g) that fabricated under traditional nitrogen protection, and this remarkable performance of MCC was consistent in a wide range of pHs. Based on BET, XRD, FTIR, SEM and Boehm titration, MCC was demonstrated with limited surface area (43.29 m(2)/g) but large amount of surface functional groups comparing with MBC. Additionally, gamma-Fe2O3 with a high degree of crystallization was generated in MCC, which led to a better magnetic property and recyclability. Moreover, characterizations, Langmuir isotherm and pseudo-second-order kinetics demonstrated the chemisorption was dominant for MCC in mercury capture, and surface complexation co-precipitate of Hg4Fe8O16C56H40 were also formed.