Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.495, No.4, 2553-2558, 2018
Expression of PIK3IP1 in the murine uterus during early pregnancy
The ovarian steroid hormones, estrogen (E2) and progesterone (P4), are essential regulators of uterine functions necessary for development, embryo implantation, and normal pregnancy. ARID1A plays an important role in steroid hormone signaling in endometrial function and pregnancy. In previous studies, using high density DNA microarray analysis, we identified phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase interacting protein 1 (Pik3ip1) as one of the genes up-regulated by ARID1A. In the present study, we performed real-time qPCR and immunohistochemistry analysis to investigate the regulation of PIK3IP1 by ARID1A and determine expression patterns of PIK3IP1 in the uterus during early pregnancy. The expression of PIK3IP1 was strong at the uterine epithelial and stromal cells of the control mice. However, expression of PIK3IP1 was remarkably reduced in the Pgr(cre/+)Arid1a (f/f) mice and progesterone receptor knock-out (PRKO) mice. During early pregnancy, PIK3IP1 expression was strong at day 2.5 of gestation (GD 2.5) and then slightly decreased at GD 3.5 at the epithelium and stroma. After implantation, PIK3IP1 expression was detected at the secondary decidualization zone. To determine the ovarian steroid hormone regulation of PIK3IP1, we examined the expression of PIK3IP1 in ovariectomized control, Pgr(cre/+)Arid1a (f/f), and PRKO mice treated with P4 or E2. P4 treatment increased the PIK3IP1 expression at the luminal and glandular epithelium of control mice. However, the PIK3IP1 induction was decreased in both the Pgr(cre/+)Arid1a (f/f) and PRKO mice, compared to controls. Our results identified PIK3IP1 as a novel target of ARID1A and PGR in the murine uterus. (C) 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.