Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.495, No.4, 2532-2538, 2018
The long non-coding RNA MALATI activates Nrf2 signaling to protect human umbilical vein endothelial cells from hydrogen peroxide
The potential effect of the long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) metastasis-associated lung adenocarcinoma transcript 1 (MALAT1) against hydrogen peroxide (H2O2)-induced oxidative injury in endothelial cells was tested. We show that forced-expression of MALAT1 using a lentiviral vector ("LV-MALAT1") significantly attenuated H2O2-induced death and apoptosis of human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs). Conversely, knocking down of MALATI by targeted siRNA exacerbated H2O2-induced HUVEC injury. For the mechanism study, we show that LV-MALATI induced Keap1 downregulation, leading to nuclear-factor-E2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) stabilization and activation. Critically, Nrf2 shRNA almost completely abolished LV-MALAT1-mediated HUVEC protection against H2O2. Significantly, H2O2-induced oxidative stress, lipid peroxidation and DNA damages in HUVECs were attenuated by LV-MALAT1, but were intensified with MALATI siRNA. In summary, we identified a novel signaling axis involving MALAT1, Keap1 and Nrf2, which in turn protects HUVECs from oxidative injury. (C) 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.