Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.495, No.4, 2432-2438, 2018
Persistent pain accelerates xenograft tumor growth of breast cancer in rat
Pain occurs at all stages of the patients who suffer from cancer. Owing to surgery and bone metastasis, breast cancer patients were usually disturbed by persistent pain. However, the pain-relief-right has not been respected enough in clinical cancer treatment. Whether pain has any adverse effects on cancer development is still unclear. In order to uncover this question, we established two preclinical animal models to explore the effects of pain on the tumor. For the first model, we mimicked neuropathic pain by sciatic nerve ligation on rats with xenograft tumor subcutaneously. For the second model, we mimicked the bone cancer pain by injecting tumor cell suspension into the tibial medullary cavity of rats with xenograft tumor subcutaneously. The rats with persistent pain showed higher tumor volume and tumor weight compared with the group without pain. Interestingly, when the neuropathic pain and bone cancer pain were relieved by drug administration, both the tumor volume and tumor weight were lowered compared with the group without pain relief. In summary, our study indicated that persistent pain acted as a contributing factor to tumor growth. Moreover, the pain relief could weakened the accelerating role of pain in tumor growth. Thus, we should be paid more attention to the cancer patients with persistent pain as well as cancer treatment. (C) 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.