Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.497, No.1, 108-114, 2018
Polyene phosphatidylcholine overcomes oxaliplatin resistance in human gastric cancer BGC823 cells
Intrinsic or acquired resistance to oxaliplatin (L-OHP) is a major reason of treatment failure in gastric cancer and limits therapeutic success. Here we generated an oxaliplatin resistant gastric cancer cell line, BGC823/L-OHP, to investigate the effect of a hepatoprotective compound, polyene phosphatidylcholine (PPC), on conquest of oxaliplatin resistance. BGC823/L-OHP cells showed less sensitive to L-OHP directed growth inhibition than the parental BGC823 cells. PPC treatment significantly increased anti-proliferative activity of L-OHP on resistant cells and promoted L-OHP triggered apoptosis, indicating that drug resistance was overcome. Mechanistically, L-OHP incubation stimulated upregulation of an ABC family protein, ABCF2, and the expression was inhibited by PPC. Moreover, expression levels of the stemness factor Nanog and its regulator TLR4 were notably enhanced in BGC823/L-OHP cells and reduced by PPC treatment. To conclude, PPC can overcome oxaliplatin resistance in gastric cancer cells via promoting apoptosis, inhibiting ABCF2, as well via reducing cancer stem cell-like features. The combination therapeutic strategy could serve to increase oxaliplatin effectiveness in the clinic. (C) 2018 Published by Elsevier Inc.