Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.497, No.2, 742-748, 2018
Chlamydia pneumoniae infection promotes monocyte transendothelial migration by increasing vascular endothelial cell permeability via the tyrosine phosphorylation of VE-cadherin
Migration of monocytes into the subendothelial layer of the intima is one of the critical events in early atherosclerosis. Chlamydia pneumoniae (C. pneumoniae) infection has been shown to promote monocyte transendothelial migration (TEM). However, the exact mechanisms have not yet been fully clarified. In this study, we tested the hypothesis that C pneumoniae infection increases vascular endothelial cell (VEC) permeability and subsequent monocyte TEM through stimulating the tyrosine phosphorylation of vascular endothelial-cadherin (VE-cadherin). Here, we demonstrated that C pneumoniae infection promoted monocyte TEM in a TEM assay possibly by increasing the permeability of a VEC line EA.hy926 cell as assessed by measuring the passage of FITC-BSA across a VEC monolayer. Subsequently, Western blot analysis showed that C. pneumoniae infection induced VE-cadherin internalization. Our further data revealed that Src-mediated VE-cadherin phosphorylation at Tyr658 was involved in C. pneumoniae infection-induced internalization of VE-cadherin, VEC hyperpermeability and monocyte TEM. Taken together, our data indicate that C. pneumoniae infection promotes monocyte TEM by increasing VEC permeability via the tyrosine phosphorylation and internalization of VE-cadherin in VECs. (C) 2018 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.