Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.497, No.2, 571-576, 2018
Activation of calcium-sensing receptor-mediated autophagy in angiotensinII-induced cardiac fibrosis in vitro
Cardiac fibrosis is one of the primary mechanisms of ventricular remodeling, and there is no effective method for reversal. Activation of calcium sensing receptor (CaSR) has been reported to be involved in the development of myocardial fibrosis, but the molecular mechanism for CaSR activation has not yet been clarified and needs to be further explored. Here, we found that AngII induces cardiac fibroblast proliferation and phenotypic transformation in a dose-dependent manner with increased CaSR and autophagy related protein (Beclin1, LC3B) expression. CaSR activation results in intracellular calcium release, MEK1/2 pathway phosphorylation, autophagy activation and collagen formation induced by AngII in cardiac fibroblasts. However, pretreating the cells with Calhex(231), PD98059 or 3-MA partially blocked AngII-induced cardiac fibrosis. Our data indicate that the activation of CaSR-mediated MEK/ERK and autophagic pathways is involved in AngII-induced cardiac fibrosis in vitro. (C) 2018 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.