화학공학소재연구정보센터
Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.497, No.2, 485-491, 2018
First-line anti-tuberculosis drugs induce hepatotoxicity: A novel mechanism based on a urinary metabolomics platform
Tuberculosis (TB) has become a global public health and social threat. As clinical first-line drugs, rifampicin and isoniazid used in combination with pyrazinamide and ethambutol (the HRZE regimen) usually induce hepatotoxicity. However, the mechanisms underlying this phenomenon remain unclear, and studying the metabolic impact of co-treating TB patients with the HRZE regimen can provide new hepatotoxicity evidence. In this study, urine metabolites from TB patients were profiled using a high resolution ultra-performance liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS) platform. The tricarboxylic acid circulation, arginine and proline metabolism and purine metabolic pathways were found to be affected by anti-TB drugs. The levels of pyroglutamate, isocitrate, citrate, and xanthine were significantly decreased after the administration of HRZE. The above mentioned pathways were also different between drug-induced liver injury (DILI) and non-DILI patients. Urate and cis-4-octenedioic acid levels in the DILI group were significantly increased compared to those in the non-DILI group, while the cis-aconitate and hypoxanthine levels were significantly decreased. These results highlight that superoxide generation can aggravate the hepatotoxic effects of the HRZE regimen. In addition, our metabolomic approach had the ability to predict hepatotoxicity for clinical applications. (C) 2018 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.