Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.498, No.3, 603-608, 2018
Cytochalasin E increased the sensitivity of human lung cancer A549 cells to bortezomib via inhibition of autophagy
Cancer cells enhance autophagic activity as a survival measure against metabolic and therapeutic stresses. The inhibition of autophagy may represent a valuable sensitizing target for cancer treatment. Recently, we examined the ability of various cytochalasins to inhibit autophagy and demonstrated the potent inhibitory effect of cytochalasin E (CE) on autophagic flux. The present study was conducted to investigate whether CE inhibited autophagosome lysosome fusion, and to determine whether CE enhanced chemotherapy-induced cell death. Cell exposure to CE led to the accumulation of microtubule-associated protein light chain 3-11 (LC3-II) and sequestosome-1/ubiquitin-binding protein p62 (SQSTM1/p62) in a dose- and time-dependent manner. Cells treated with CE exhibited distinct formation of p62 positive structures on lysosome-associated membrane protein 2 (LAMP2)-positive lysosomal vesicles. CE treatment following serum starvation robustly reduced cell viability and increased expression levels of LC3-II and p62, in comparison to those of cells treated with CE alone. Furthermore, combination treatment with CE and bortezomib, an inhibitor of the 26S proteasome, showed a synergistic effect in targeting human lung cancer A549 cells. Altogether, our results demonstrated that CE treatment inhibited autophagosome lysosome fusion, and this activity, in part, augmented bortezomib-induced cell death. Therefore, we concluded that CE may be a potentially effective therapeutic agent against lung cancer, especially in a combination therapy with proteasome inhibitors. (C) 2018 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.