Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.498, No.3, 395-401, 2018
The cucumber mosaic virus movement protein suppresses PAMP-triggered immune responses in Arabidopsis and tobacco
Cucumber Mosaic Virus (CMV) has a small RNA genome that encodes a limited number of proteins, but can infect many plant species, including Arabidopsis thaliana and Nicotiana benthamiana. Virus proteins thus have multiple means of conferring their pathogenicity during the infection process. However, the pathogenic mechanism of CMV remains unclear. Here we discovered that the expression of the CMV movement protein (MP) in A. thaliana and N. benthamiana can suppress reactive oxygen species (ROS) production triggered by multiple pathogen-associated molecular patterns (PAMPs), such as bacteria derived peptide flg22, elf18, and fungal-derived chitin. Transgenic Arabidopsis plants, expressing the MP were compromised in flg22-induced immune activation and were more susceptible to Pseudomonas syringae pv. tomato (Pst) DC3000 hrcC(-) strain infection. Further analysis revealed that flg22-induced resistance gene expression was also compromised in MP transgenic plants. The CMV MP protein was previously reported to function in cell-to-cell movement processes, and our findings offer a new molecular mechanism for the CMV MP protein in suppression of host PAMP-triggered immune responses. (C) 2018 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.