Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.498, No.4, 1028-1036, 2018
Enterococcus faecalis lipoteichoic acid regulates macrophages autophagy via PI3K/Akt/mTOR pathway
Enterococcus faecalis (E. faecalis) infection is considered an important etiological factor for the development of persistent apical periodontitis (PAP), but the exact mechanisms of autophagy between E. faecalis and immune cells remain unknown. In this study, we elucidated how E. faecalis lipoteichoic acid (LTA) is associated with macrophages autophagy. We found that E. faecalis LTA apparently activated macrophage autophagy with significant increase of autophagosomes and autophagy relative protein. Meanwhile, we noticed significantly decreasing expression of p-Akt and p-mTOR. However, these effect were absent in macrophages knockdown of Beclin1. In summary, these findings suggested E. faecalis LTA may increased macrophages autophagy via inhibiting PI3K/AktimTOR pathway and this process was Beclin1 dependent. (C) 2018 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.