Applied Surface Science, Vol.435, 178-186, 2018
Magnetic, core-shell structured and surface molecularly imprinted polymers for the rapid and selective recognition of salicylic acid from aqueous solutions
In this work, a novel kind of magnetic, core-shell structured and surface molecularly imprinted polymers (MMIPs) for the recognition of salicylic acid (SA) was facilely synthesized through a surface imprinting and sol-gel polymerization approach. The as-synthesized MMIPs exhibit uniform core-shell structure and favorable magnetic properties with a saturation magnetization of 22.8 emu g(-1). The binding experiments demonstrated that MMIPs possessed high binding and specific recognition capacity, as well as fast binding kinetics and phase separation rate. The maximum binding capacity of MMIPs is around 36.8 mg g(-1), nearly 6 times that of the magnetic non-imprinted polymers (MNIPs). Moreover, the selectivity experiments show that all the relative selectivity coefficients towards SA over its structure analogs are higher than 18, further indicating the markedly enhanced binding selectivity of MMIPs. Furthermore, the MMIPs were successfully applied for the determination of SA in environmental water samples with the recovery rates ranging from 94.0 to 108.0 %. This strategy may provide a versatile approach for the fabrication of well-defined molecularly imprinted polymers on nanomaterials for the analysis of complicated matrixes. (C) 2017 Published by Elsevier B.V.