Applied Surface Science, Vol.439, 638-648, 2018
Tailoring the structure of aligned carbon nanotube bundle by reactive polymer for strengthening its surface interaction with thermosets and the excellent properties of the hybrid thermosets
Aligned carbon nanotube bundles (ACNTB) with multi-level hierarchical structures were tailored by reactive polymer vinyl-terminated polyphenylene ether (PPE) for the excellent integrated property of bismaleimide-triazine (BT) resin. The PPE-tailored ACNTB (ACNTB@PPE) has increased strength for the penetration of PPE into porous ACNTB strengthening the interaction between each CNT. The strong interaction at the interface of ACNTB@PPE and BT matrix can be created owing to the reaction of the vinyl group in PPE on the surface of ACNTB and maleimide group in BT. BT with 2% ACNTB@PPE composite shows the optimal flexural strength, fracture toughness and tensile strength, which are 88%, 115% and 77% higher than those of BT, respectively. The introduction of ACNTB@PPE slightly enhances the thermal property of BT. ACNTB@PPE can significantly improve the flame retardancy of BT composites. As compared to individual ACNTB, ACNTB@PPE effectively improves the integrated property of BT composites mainly due to the chemical interaction at the interface of ACNTB@PPE and BT matrix and the increased interaction between each CNT. (C) 2018 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.