Langmuir, Vol.34, No.1, 30-35, 2018
Selective Low-Energy Carbon Dioxide Adsorption Using Monodisperse Nitrogen-Rich Hollow Carbon Submicron Spheres
Monodisperse, nitrogen-doped hollow carbon spheres of submicron size were synthesized using hexamethoxymethylmelamine as both a carbon and nitrogen source in a short (1 h) microwave-assisted synthesis. After carbonization at 550 degrees, porous carbon spheres with a remarkably high nitrogen content of 37.1% were obtained, which consisting mainly of highly basic pyridinic moieties. The synthesized hollow spheres exhibited high selectivity for carbon dioxide (CO2) over nitrogen and oxygen gases, with a capture capacity up to 1.56 mmol CO2 g(-1). The low adsorption enthalpy of the synthesized hollow carbon spheres permits good adsorbent regeneration. Evaluation of the feasibility of scaling up shows their potential for large-scale applications.